Eye Problems in Type 2 Diabetic Adults

Published in Eye Problems in Adults

Diabetes, according to studies, is found out to be the leading cause of new cases of visual loss or blindness in the United States for patients aged 20 to 74. In fact, this illness is responsible for 7% of eye problems in adults. There are two kinds of diabetes but the common form is Type 2 Diabetes. 

Diabetes can cause eye problems that can lead to visual loss.Although eye problems are the primary concern of type 2 diabetics, most adults who are affected by diabetes has minor eye disorders only. The best way to keep these eye conditions from escalating is through early prevention.

There are also simple eye exercises by Dr.William Bates that when performed regularly can truly impede the rise of visual ailments.

Patients diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes can have several implications to the health including the vision as it is not invulnerable to the effects of the disease.

Eye health problems also become more complicated due to high blood pressure and high level of blood sugar or glucose. Common visual diseases manifested in Type 2 diabetes are:

  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Glaucoma
  • Cataract

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a serious eye ailment caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye called the retina. It is the main cause of eyesight loss or blindness in adults. In the early stage of this eye disease, the tiny blood vessels in the retina of the eyes that are easily damaged by high glucose content and high blood pressure swell and leak fluid. This swelling is also called macula edema.

A serious complication of diabetic retinopathy is the abnormal growth of bloods vessels on the surface of the retina. This abnormal growth can result to a detached retina. Immediate examination from an opthalmologist is needed.


Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to the eye’s optic nerve and gets worse over time. It’s every so often connected with a buildup of pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma is inherited so it may not turn up until later in life. Also, adults affected by diabetes are more likely to get glaucoma than non- diabetics.


Cataracts is another cause for blurred vision from type 2 diabetes. Adults with diabetes are 60 percent more likely to acquire cataracts.This visual illness causes cloudiness in the lens of the eyes which leads to dimmed or blurred vision, glare and  halos. In serious cases, eyesight loss or blindness may even occur. People with diabetes develop cataracts at an earlier stage than most.

Major priorities of patients with diabetes should include preventing eye complications and preserving vision as they have higher risks of developing numerous eye problems that can lead to permanent vision loss if left untreated. And while there are several preventive methods available for eye health problems associated with Type 2 diabetes, there is an effective and less expensive way–Dr. William Bates’ Vision Without Glasses.

The following are additional measures to prevent eye health problems associated with Type 2 diabetes:

  • Closely monitor your blood sugar level and keep it under control.
  • Keep your blood pressure within normal level.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Report immediately changes in eyesight that may occur even a blurred vision.
  • Have a yearly eye examination or as often as recommended by an ophthalmologist
  • If you are pregnant, have an eye examination during the first trimester of the pregnancy.
  • Have an annual eye examination that will check for diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataract.

Additional Reading

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